Industry 4.0

What is Industry 4.0?

There have been many developments in the field of industry throughout history. The beginning of industrialization coincides with the mid-1700s. Industrialization that has passed through various phases starting from this date has become Industry 4.0 today.

The concept of Industry 4.0 is first encountered at the Messe Technology Fair held in April 2011 in Hannover, Germany.

Industry 4.0 is a German national project. What prompted the German government to do so is the Chinese production capabilities that shook the European states economically. Developed countries such as Germany, Japan and America have turned to Industry 4.0 target.

Industry 4.0 is a target and aims to bring together information technologies and all vital mechanisms.

This new industrial revolution covers issues such as next generation flexible production, convertible factories, customer-oriented solutions, optimized logistics networks, data usage and the use of renewable resources. Industry 4.0 Platform (Platform Industry 4.0) has defined Industry 4.0 as the intelligent industry-oriented machinery and processes used with the support of information and communication technologies.

History of Industrial Evolution

The First Industrial Revolution

The first industrial revolution happened between the late 1700s and early 1800s. During this period of time, manufacturing evolved from focusing on manual labor performed by people and aided by work animals to a more optimized form of labor performed by people through the use of water and steam-powered engines and other types of machine tools.

The Second Industrial Revolution

In the early part of the 20th century, the world entered a second industrial revolution with the introduction of steel and use of electricity in factories. The introduction of electricity enabled manufacturers to increase efficiency and helped make factory machinery more mobile. It was during this phase that mass production concepts like the assembly line were introduced as a way to boost productivity.

The Third Industrial Revolution

Starting in the late 1950s, a third industrial revolution slowly began to emerge, as manufacturers began incorporating more electronic—and eventually computer—technology into their factories. During this period, manufacturers began experiencing a shift that put less emphasis on analog and mechanical technology and more on digital technology and automation software.

Which technologies are used with industry 4.0 

The advanced technology included in Industry 4.0 is a bit scary for humanity. There is a concern that there will be less need for people, especially in production processes; But experts think that employment will increase even more. Industry 4.0 is essentially a project based on speed, flexibility and efficiency. It is certain that we will move to a much more intense production approach with much lower costs.

  • Cyber ​​Physical Systems
  • Horizontal / Vertical Integration
  • Smart Robots
  • Internet of Things
  • Cyber Security
  • Additive Manufacturing
  • Big Data

Benefits of Industry 4.0

There are many giant brands that adopt Industry 4.0 technology and are waiting excitedly. So what advantages will Industry 4.0 offer?

  • The system will be easier to monitor.
  • Awareness will increase
  • System will be more environmentally friendly
  • Productivity will increase
  • Costs will be significantly reduced
  • Brand new business lines and models will come into play.
  • Production processes will become much more flexible


Industry 4.0, which is based on producing technological solutions for the needs of industries, is becoming increasingly widespread and demonstrating its sensible effects. When looking at the historical effects of the industrial revolutions, it is clearly seen that Industry 4.0 will be one of the most important milestones in the future.More work is needed on this topic, which attracts a lot of attention from science, business, education and government people.

Share this post